SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|9 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2019
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
Basis of Accounting
The Company’s unaudited consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). The Company has a September 30 year-end.
Basis of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of XSport Global, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries HeadTrainer, Inc. and Shift Now, Inc. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
The Company has two business segments. XSport Global is focused on the development and sale software applications through subscriptions to end users. Shift Now provides marketing services to businesses.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of unaudited consolidated financial statements in accordance with United States GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses in the reporting period. The Company regularly evaluates estimates and assumptions related to useful life and recoverability of long-lived assets, valuation of shares for services and assets, deferred income tax asset valuations and loss contingencies. The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience and various other factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the accrual of costs and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. The actual results experienced by the Company may differ materially and adversely from the Company’s estimates. To the extent there are material differences between the estimates and the actual results, future results of operations will be affected.
For purposes of the statement of cash flows, the Company considers all highly liquid instruments with maturity of three months or less at the time of issuance to be cash equivalents. There is no restricted cash or cash equivalents.
The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 606 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”. The standard outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. In applying the revenue recognition model to contracts with customers, an entity: (1) identifies the contract(s) with a customer; (2) identifies the performance obligations in the contract(s); (3) determines the transaction price; (4) allocates the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract(s); and (5) recognizes revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.
XSport recognizes revenue from the sale of its software application thorough subscriptions received from end users. XSport had no revenues from its application during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.
Shift Now recognizes service revenue when the service is completed under ASC Topic 606. The Company records project revenue and expenses as net revenue for projects where the Company receives payments from customers and has limited credit risk (acts as an agent versus principal).
Accounts receivable are reported at their outstanding unpaid principal balances net of allowances for uncollectible accounts. The Company provides for allowances for uncollectible receivables based on management’s estimate of uncollectible amounts considering age, collection history, and any other factors considered appropriate. The Company writes off accounts receivable against the allowance for doubtful accounts when a balance is determined to be uncollectible. As of June 30, 2019 and September 30, 2018, the Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts was $10,000 and $10,000, respectively.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment consists of computer equipment, and furniture and fixtures, and is recorded at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Property and equipment is depreciated on a straight-line basis over its estimated life of three to seven years. We assess the impairment of long-lived assets on an ongoing basis and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Our impairment review process is based upon an estimate of future undiscounted cash flows. Factors we consider that could trigger an impairment review include significant underperformance relative to expected historical or projected future operating results and significant negative industry or economic trends. Based on our analysis, there have been no impairment charges recorded during the nine months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.
The Company periodically reviews the carrying value of intangible assets to determine whether impairment may exist. Intangible assets are assessed annually, or when certain triggering events occur, for impairment using fair value measurement techniques. These events could include a significant change in the business climate, legal factors, a decline in operating performance, competition, sale or disposition of a significant portion of the business, or other factors. Specifically, an impairment test is used to identify potential impairment by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. The Company uses level 3 inputs and a discounted cash flow methodology, along to estimate the fair value of a reporting unit. A discounted cash flow analysis requires one to make various judgmental assumptions including assumptions about future cash flows, growth rates, and discount rates. The assumptions about future cash flows and growth rates are based on the Company’s budget and long-term plans. Discount rate assumptions are based on an assessment of the risk inherent in the respective reporting units.
Convertible Notes Payable and Derivative Liability
The Company had convertible notes outstanding at June 30, 2019 with default payment provisions (default provisions that required payment ranging from 150% to 200% of the outstanding principal amount plus accrued interest). The Company determined that the default provision is an embedded component that qualifies as a derivative which should be bifurcated from the convertible notes and separately accounted for in accordance with FASB ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”. ASC 815 –15–25–42 establishes criteria to determine whether puts are closely and clearly related to a debt host should the debt contain a substantial premium or default provision (one that is greater than 10% of the principal resulting from puts that require payoff for more than 110% of principal amount outstanding). The embedded derivative is recorded at fair value on the date of issuance and marked-to-market at each balance sheet date with the change in the fair value recorded as income or expense in the statement of operations.”
The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax reporting purposes and for operating loss and tax credit carry forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply in the years in which these temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. A valuation allowance is established to reduce net deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in results of operations in the period that includes the enactment date. The Company recognizes the effect of income tax positions only if those positions are more likely than not of being sustained. Recognized income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely of being recognized. Changes in recognition and measurement are reflected in the period in which the change in judgment occurs. Interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits are included in income tax expense.
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the Act) was enacted on December 22, 2017. The Act reduces the US federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21% and required the Company to re-measure certain deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the rates at which they are anticipated to reverse in the future, which is generally 21%. The Company has reflected the aspects of the Act as it relates our calculations as of September 30, 2018.
Financial instruments consist principally of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, line of credit, notes payable, convertible notes payable, and derivative liability. Except for the derivative liability (see table below), the recorded values of all financial instruments approximate their current fair values because of their nature and respective relatively short maturity dates or durations.
The Company measures and discloses the estimated fair value of financial assets and liabilities using the fair value hierarchy prescribed by US GAAP. The fair value hierarchy has three levels, which are based on reliable available inputs of observable data. The hierarchy requires the use of observable market data when available. The three-level hierarchy is defined as follows:
Fair value estimates are made at a specific point in time, based on relevant market information and information about the financial statement. These estimates are subjective in nature and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment and therefore cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect the estimates.
Our derivative liabilities have been valued as Level 3 instruments.
The fair value of the derivative liability was based on the default provisions of the convertible notes. The Company recorded derivative liabilities of $290,472 related to our convertible notes during the nine months ended June 30, 2019.
Research and development expenses
Research and development expenses are expensed as incurred and are primarily comprised of product development.
The Company has issued warrants in connection with financing arrangements. Warrants that do not qualify to be recorded as permanent equity are recorded as liabilities at their fair value using the Black- Scholes option pricing model. The relative fair value of the warrants, using the Black-Scholes model, is recorded in additional paid-in capital and as a debt discount. For warrants issued for services, the relative fair value is recorded in additional paid-in capital and stock-based compensation. For warrants with down round provisions, a deemed dividend is recorded for the change in fair value of the warrants when the down round provision is triggered.
The Company measures the cost of awards of equity instruments based on the grant date fair value of the awards. That cost is recognized on a straight-line basis over the period during which the employee is required to provide service in exchange for the entire award. The fair value of stock options on the date of grant is calculated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, based on key assumptions such as the fair value of common stock, expected volatility and expected term. The Company’s estimates of these important assumptions are primarily based on third-party valuations, historical data, peer company data and the judgment of management regarding future trends and other factors.
Equity Instruments Issued for Services
Issuances of the Company’s common stock for services is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instruments issued, whichever is more reliably measurable. The measurement date for the fair value of the equity instruments issued to employees and board members is determined at the earlier of (i) the date at which a commitment for performance to earn the equity instruments is reached (a “performance commitment” which would include a penalty considered to be of a magnitude that is a sufficiently large disincentive for nonperformance) or (ii) the date at which performance is complete. When it is appropriate for the Company to recognize the cost of a transaction during financial reporting periods prior to the measurement date, for purposes of recognition of costs during those periods, the equity instrument is measured at the then-current fair values at each of those financial reporting dates. Based on the applicable guidance, the Company records the compensation cost but treats forfeitable unvested shares as unissued until the shares vest.
The Company expenses the costs of advertising when the advertisements are first aired or displayed. All other advertising and promotional costs are expensed in the period incurred. Total advertising expense for the period ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 was $0 and $0, respectively. The Company’s mobile device application was inactive and not sold during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.
Earnings (Loss) Per Share (“EPS”)
Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding. Diluted EPS includes the effect from potential issuance of common stock, such as stock issuable pursuant to the exercise of stock options and warrants and the assumed conversion of convertible notes.
The following table summarizes the securities that were excluded from the diluted per share calculation because the effect of including these potential shares was antidilutive even though the exercise price could be less than the average market price of the common shares:
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
On May 10, 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued an Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-09 “Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting”, which provides guidance to clarify when to account for a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award as a modification. Under the new guidance, modification accounting is required only if the fair value, the vesting conditions, or the classification of the award (as equity or liability) changes as a result of the change in terms or conditions. The guidance is effective prospectively for all companies for annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. The Company determined that the adoption of this ASU had no material impact on its financial position or results of operations.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvement to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. The new standard contains several amendments that will simplify the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions, including the accounting for income taxes, forfeitures, statutory tax withholding requirements, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. The changes in the new standard eliminate the accounting for excess tax benefits to be recognized in additional paid-in capital and tax deficiencies recognized either in the income tax provision or in additional paid-in capital. The ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company determined that the adoption of this ASU had no material impact on its financial position or results of operations.
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)." ASU 2016-02 requires that a lessee recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from operating leases. A lessee should recognize in the statement of financial position a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. In transition, lessees and lessors are required to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. This amendment will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The FASB issued ASU No. 2018-10 “Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases” and ASU No. 2018-11 “Leases (Topic 842) Targeted Improvements" in July 2018, and ASU No. 2018-20 "Leases (Topic 842) - Narrow Scope Improvements for Lessors" in December 2018. ASU 2018-10 and ASU 2018-20 provide certain amendments that affect narrow aspects of the guidance issued in ASU 2016-02. ASU 2018-11 allows all entities adopting ASU 2016-02 to choose an additional (and optional) transition method of adoption, under which an entity initially applies the new leases standard at the adoption date and recognizes a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The Company will adopt this guidance beginning with its first quarter ended December 31, 2019. Management does not expect to have a material impact upon adoption.
The Company has implemented all new accounting pronouncements that are in effect and that may impact its unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and does not believe that there are any other new accounting pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef